 Types of measuring utensils Dry
measuring cups Weighing rice with a scale Liquid measuring cup with white wine

Lauren McElroy

MEASUREMENTS & CONVERSIONS:

Real chefs mesaure out their solid ingredients according to weight NOT volume. For example, take cut up strawberries - 1 cup of cut strawberries and 8 oz of cut strawberries may not equal the same amount (depends on how they're cut, how big they were to start with, etc). Another great example is the misconception that 8 oz of flour would equal 1 cup; however 1 cup of flour actually only weighs 4.5 ounces!

When a recipe ingredient is expressed in weight, weigh it out, likewise, you should always measure out any ingredient expressed in volume. There are, of course, a few exceptions to this rule: the weight and volume of water, butter, eggs and milk are the same, so you can measure these ingredients out however is most convenient.

VOLUME:
Refers to the space occupied by a substance. Height x Width x Length.

1 Gallon = 0.5 Pecks = 3.80 Liters = 4 Quarts = 8 Pints = 16 Cups = 128 Fluid Ounces = 256 Tablespoons = 768 Teaspoons
1 Liter = 1.06 Quarts = 2.11 Pints = 4.23 Cups = 33.81 Fluid Ounces = 67.73 Tablespoons
1 Cup = 0.24 Liters = 0.5 Pints = 8 Fluid Ounces = 16 Tablespoons = 48 Teaspoons = 250 ml
1 Fluid Ounce = 0.125 (or 1/8) Cups = 2 Tablespoons = 6 Teaspoons = 1 Shot = 29.57 ml
1 Tablespoon = 3 Teaspoons = 0.5 Fluid Ounces = 15 Milliliters
1 bushel = 4 pecks
1 lemon = 1-1.25 fluid ounces juice
1 orange = 3-3.5 fluid ounces juice

Some less common known measurements of volume are: DASH, PINCH, SMIDGEN, NIP. Learn about those and their conversions by clicking here.

Converting Ounces:
As you can see in the conversions for Volume listed above, 1 fluid ounce = 29.57 milliliters. So, to convert fluid ounces to milliters, multiply the number of ounces by 29 (rounded for convenience):

8 fl. oz. x 29 = 232 ml Therefore: 224 ml / 29 = 7.72 fl. oz.

WEIGHT:
Refers to the mass or heaviness of a substance. Most chefs use portion or balance scales to measure out these ingredients.

1 Pound = 16 Ounces = 454 Grams
1 Ounce = 28.35 Grams = 0.0625 Pounds
1 Gram = 0.035 Ounces (1/30 oz.)
1 Kilogram = 1,000 Grams = 35.27 Ounces = 2.2 Pounds
1 large egg white = 1 ounce (average)

Converting Grams:
As you can see from the weight conversions above, 1 oz = 28.35 grams.Multiply number of grams by 28 (rounded for convenience):

8 oz. x 28 = 224 g Therefore: 224 g / 28 = 8 oz.

COUNT:
Refers to the number of individual items - used in recipes, portion control and in purchasing.

When used in purchasing, it indicates the size of the individual items.
For example: a "96 count" of lemons would mean that a 40-pound case countains 96 individual lemons and if you were to increase the count, to say, a "115-count case" it would mean the size of the lemon decreased so that more would fit in the same 40 pound case.

TEMPERATURE:
1 degree Celsius = 33.8 degrees Fahrenheit

0 degrees Celsius = 32 degrees Fahrenheit (freezing point of water)
100 degrees Celsius = 212 degrees Fahrenheit (boiling point of water)